Wednesday, January 11, 2012

Some Influential Victorians


John Bright
(16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889)

British Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with Richard Cobden in the formation of the Anti-Corn Law League. He was one of the greatest orators of his generation, and a strong critic of British foreign policy.
albumen carte-de-visite
by H. J. Whitlock, Birmingham

William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898)
by W & D Downey, 9 Eldon Square, Newcastle on Tyne.
albumen carte-de-visite

Robert Smith Candlish (March 23, 1806 – October 19, 1873), Scottish divine
photograph by Elliott & Fry, 55 Baker Street, Portman Square, London
albumen carte-de-visite, early 1870s
The National Portrait Gallery, London has two portraits from the same sitting - refer
NPG x5614
and NPG x5615

Giuseppe Garibaldi

(July 4, 1807 – June 2, 1882)

photograph by Disdéri & Co (Limited)
Paris, 8 Boulevard des Italiens
London, Brook Street 70, 71, 72, Hanover Square W. and for Equestrian Portraits, Hereford Lodge, old Brompton Road, S.W.

The Prince of Wales

photograph by Disdéri
Paris, 8 Boulevard des Italiens
London, Brook Street 70, 71, 72, Hanover Square W. and for Equestrian Portraits, Hereford Lodge, old Brompton Road, S.W.

George Grote
- November 17, 1794 – June 18, 1871 was an English classical historian, best known in the field for a major work, the voluminous History of Greece.
The National Portrait Gallery have a photograph – possibly the same as this, described as - George Grote, by Maull & Co. Albumen carte-de-visite, 1860s

George Grote by Maull & Co
187A Piccadilly and Cheapside

Brought at Timaru April 26/76 (1876)

Sir Samuel White Baker, KCB, FRS, FRGS (b. 8 June 1821 – d. 30 December 1893) was a British explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist. He also held the titles of Pasha and Major-General in the Ottoman Empire and Egypt. He served as the Governor-General of the Equatorial Nile (today's Southern Sudan and Northern Uganda) between Apr. 1869 - Aug. 1873, which he established as the Province of Equatoria. He is mostly remembered as the discoverer of Lake Albert, as explorer of the Nile and interior of central Africa, and for his exploits as a big game hunter in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Also a prolific writer, Sir Samuel White Baker left behind a considerable number of books and published articles. He was a close friend of King Edward, whom, while Prince of Wales, visited Baker with Queen Alexandra in Egypt. Other remarkable friendships were with explorers Henry Morton Stanley, Roderick Murchison, John H. Speke and James A. Grant, with ruler of Egypt Pasha Ismail The Magnificent, Major-General Charles George Gordon and Maharaja Duleep Singh.

Queen Victoria, although she was generally fond of Sir Samuel White Baker and followed his progress, avoided his company, biased by the uncommon way he acquired his spouse and their long lasting unmarried status, as well because of his brother's, Col. Valentine Baker, dishonourable discharge, assault scandal and lawsuit. In the end, Lady Baker became not only accepted but quite a favourite company of the British aristocracy and Sir Samuel's honor was very little frowned upon his brother's deeds, simply because his own achievements were so remarkable. (Wiki)

Sir William Jenner, 1st Bart.
Original Inscription - W Jenner, the discover of vaccination Brought at Timaru Apl 26/76 W Jenner
Inscription alterred later too -
Sir Wm Jenner, the son or some other relation of the discover of vaccination Brought at Timaru Apl 26/76 W Jenner
Photographer - Barraud & Jerrard 96 Gloucester Place Portman Sq. W.
(Edward Jenner was the discover of vaccination)

Sir William Jenner, 1st Baronet (January 30, 1815 – December 11, 1898) was a significant English physician primarily known for having discovered the distinction between typhus and typhoid.

Jenner was born at Chatham on January 30, 1815, and educated at University College London. He became a member of the
Royal College of Surgeons in 1837, and a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1852, and in 1844 took the London M.D. In 1847 he began at the London Fever Hospital investigations into cases of continued fever which enabled him finally to make the distinction between typhus and typhoid on which his reputation as a pathologist principally rests. In 1849 he was appointed professor of pathological anatomy at University College, and also assistant physician to University College Hospital, where he afterwards became physician (1854-1876) and consulting physician (1879), besides holding similar appointments at other hospitals. He was also successively Holme Professor of Clinical Medicine and professor of the principles and practice of medicine at University College London. He was president of the Royal College of Physicians (1881-1888); was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1864, and received honorary degrees from the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge and University of Edinburgh. In 1861 he was appointed Physician Extraordinary, and in 1862 Physician in Ordinary, to Queen Victoria, and in 1863 Physician in Ordinary to the Prince of Wales; he attended both the prince consort and the prince of Wales in their attacks of typhoid fever. In 1868 he was created a baronet. As a consultant, Sir William Jenner had a great reputation, and he left a large fortune when he died, at Bishop's Waltham, Hants, on December 11, 1898, having then retired from practice for eight years owing to failing health. (Wiki)

Norman MacLeod (1812-1872), Scottish divine and miscellaneous writer, son of the Rev. Norman Macleod, D.D., a distinguished minister of the Scottish Church, studied at Edinburgh, and was ordained in 1838. He became one of the most distinguished ministers, and most popular preachers of his Church, was made one of the Royal Chaplains in Scotland in1857, and became a trusted friend of Queen Victoria. (Wiki)

John Cumming

Rev. John Cumming (1807-1881) was the popular and influential minister of the National Scottish Church in Covent Garden. Cumming predicted Judgement Day for some time between 1848 and 1867.

John Stuart Mill
(20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873), British philosopher, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century. He was an exponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham. (Wiki)
The National Portrait Gallery - London has a series of similar photographs taken during the same sitting, by John Watkins, they indicate these photographs were taken in 1865.

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